By John R. Hinnells
Historic civilisations workout an severe fascination for individuals across the world. This guide offers a bright, scholarly, and eminently readable account of historical cultures around the globe, from China to India, the center East, Egypt, Europe, and the Americas. It examines the advance of spiritual trust from the time of the Palaeolithic cave work to the Aztecs and Incas. overlaying the complete of society not only the elite, the guide outlines the historical past of the various societies in order that their faith and tradition will be understood in context. every one bankruptcy contains dialogue of the vast box of correct experiences alerting the reader to wider debates on each one topic. a world group of students show their very own deep enthusiasm for his or her topic and supply a distinct learn of either well known and 'official' faith within the historical international.
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Additional info for A Handbook of Ancient Religions
What we have said so far accounts for and co-ordinates five other extremely puzzling features of Upper Palaeolithic art. These features need not be seen as individual puzzles; they are interrelated manifestations of the Upper Palaeolithic psychic and topographic cosmos. First, the walls of numerous caverns were touched and treated in various ways other than image-making. In some sites, such as Grotte Cosquer, finger-flutings cover most of the walls and parts of the ceiling to a considerable height (Clottes et al.
Structuralism In the 1960s a new philosophical paradigm seized the imagination of many social scientists; certainly, it could not be termed simplistic or naive. Following the earlier pioneering Marxist writer Max Raphael, Annette Laming-Emperaire and above all Andr´e Leroi-Gourhan proposed a structuralist theory to account for the religious practices supposed to have taken place in the painted caves. Their standpoint was different from their predecessors’ in so far as they refused to start from an ethnographic hypothesis or to use ethnographic analogy.
Some sections are slightly more densely engraved than others, but, although some images are overlaid by other marks (said to be ‘magical strokes’; Breuil 1952: 311), there is no area of dense engraving. At the very end of the passage, just around a short bend, there is an image of a therianthropic figure. It has a bison head and what appear to be human legs but which may terminate in hoofs (fig. 5, lower left). The use of Gabillou may be compared with that of Lascaux. Unlike Gabillou, Lascaux comprises a comparatively large entrance chamber, the Rotunda (or the Hall of the Bulls), and two narrow passages that lead off it.
A Handbook of Ancient Religions by John R. Hinnells