By Edward G. Lengel
A spouse to the Meuse-Argonne Campaign explores the one biggest and bloodiest conflict in American army heritage, together with its many controversies, in historiographical essays that replicate the present country of the field.
- Presents unique essays at the French and German participation in ‒ and views on ‒ this crucial event
- Makes use of unique archival study from the us, France, and Germany
- Contributors contain WWI students from France, Germany, the U.S., and the United Kingdom
- Essays research the army, social, and political outcomes of the Meuse-Argonne and issues the best way for destiny scholarship during this area
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Extra info for A Companion to the Meuse-Argonne Campaign
Planning One Battle while Fighting Another Because the First Army staff was forced to plan the Meuse-Argonne offensive at the same time that it fought the battle to eliminate the St. Mihiel salient (12–15 September), the Americans faced a scarcity of veteran units available for the new attack. Initially planners allocated 12 divisions for the Meuse-Argonne, apportioned into three army corps: I Corps (commanded by Major General Hunter Liggett), V Corps (Major General George H. Cameron), and III Corps (Major General Robert L.
Hundreds died from exhaustion during the movement. Solid columns were placed on the road with units from different corps and divisions. Some guns could move up to 15 kilometers an hour while others crawled along at 3 kilometers an hour. In an effort to avoid having columns cross each other units were forced to take longer routes, further stressing the animals and vehicles. Of the 15 divisions assigned to the initial attack, either as front-line units or held in reserve, only 11 had artillery units ready for combat.
However, this type of massed assault was precisely what the AEF’s oversized divisions were designed for. Field Order No. 20 stated clearly that “Deployment will be made with sufficient depth to insure several fresh impulses during the advance and the holdings of the various objectives” (Field Order No. 20 1918). With the exception of the 33d and 77th Divisions on the extreme right and left flank, the American divisions were able to arrange their brigades in echelon. Once an advancing unit began to lose strength a fresh unit would push forward and continue the attack.
A Companion to the Meuse-Argonne Campaign by Edward G. Lengel