Download e-book for kindle: 50 Schlüsselideen Psychologie by Adrian F. Furnham, Karsten Petersen

By Adrian F. Furnham, Karsten Petersen

ISBN-10: 3827423783

ISBN-13: 9783827423788

ISBN-10: 3827423791

ISBN-13: 9783827423795

Eine Entdeckungsreise durch Gehirn und Geist, Denken, Fühlen und Handeln

Wie unterscheiden sich die Gehirne von Männern und Frauen? Gibt es echtes altruistisches Verhalten? Ist unser Geist bei der Geburt ein noch unbeschriebenes Blatt? Und drücken Träume unsere unbewussten Wünsche aus?

Psychologie durchdringt heute unsere gesamte Gesellschaft. Kein Krimi, kein Dokumentarfilm, keine Talkshow, kein Arzt-Patienten-Gespräch kommt ohne die Einführung eines psychologischen Blickwinkels aus. Die Psychologie versucht Verhaltensäußerungen und Geistesblitze, Gefühle und Gedanken zu verstehen und zu erklären, und sie berührt dabei verblüffend viele Felder – von Größenwahn und Computerscheu über Krebsursachen, Alkoholabhängigkeit und soziale Mobilität bis hin zur Speicherung von Erinnerungen und zur Herausbildung von Überzeugungen und Vorurteilen.

50 Schlüsselideen Psychologie ist die ideale Einführung in die Theorien und Denkweisen dieser Disziplin. Das Buch, das auch neueste Erkenntnisse aufgreift, präsentiert zahlreiche Fallbeispiele und erläutert die Argumente der wichtigsten Köpfe der Psychologie. Adrian Furnham macht in 50 kompakten und leicht verständlichen Essays die zentralen Konzepte der Psychologie nachvollziehbar und vermittelt dem Leser die Begriffswelt der Psychologen zur Beschreibung und Erklärung menschlichen Verhaltens.

  • Abnormes Verhalten
  • Der Placebo-Effekt
  • Der Kampf gegen die Sucht
  • Losgelöst von der Realität
  • Nicht neurotisch, nur anders
  • Scheinbar normal
  • Stress
  • Optische Täuschungen
  • Psychophysik
  • Halluzinationen
  • Wahn
  • Sind Sie bewusst?
  • Positive Psychologie
  • Emotionale Intelligenz
  • Welchen Sinn haben Emotionen?
  • Kognitive Therapie
  • Der Intelligenzquotient
  • Der Flynn-Effekt
  • Multiple Intelligenzen
  • Kognitive Unterschiede
  • Der Tintenkleckstest nach Rorschach
  • Lügen aufdecken
  • Die autoritäre Persönlichkeit
  • Gehorsamsbereitschaft gegenüber Autorität
  • Sich einfügen
  • Selbstlosigkeit oder Selbstsucht?
  • Kognitive Dissonanz
  • Der Spielerfehlschluss
  • Urteilsfähigkeit und Problemlösen
  • Zu viel investiert, um aufzugeben
  • Rationale Entscheidungsfindung
  • Erinnerungen an Vergangenes
  • Was der Zeuge gesehen hat
  • Künstliche Intelligenz
  • Vielleicht auch träumen
  • Der Versuch, zu vergessen
  • Es liegt mir auf der Zunge …
  • Psychosexuelle Entwicklungsphasen
  • Kognitive Entwicklungsstadien
  • Alle meine Entchen …
  • Tabula rasa
  • Bleib hungrig
  • Behaviorismus
  • Verstärkungspläne
  • Komplexität meistern
  • Phrenologie
  • Hin- und hergerissen …
  • Aphasie
  • Legasthenie
  • Wer ist das?

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Extra info for 50 Schlüsselideen Psychologie

Sample text

Die Behandlung besteht in Beratung und Psychotherapie, aber auch der Verschreibung von Neuroleptika. ‘ Dissimulation und Wahnvorstellungen Vielfach wird – durchaus zu Recht – behauptet, dass viele Menschen in Gesprächen und Fragebögen lügen oder Tatsachen verfälschen oder verschweigen würden. Psychologen nennen dieses Verhalten „Dissimulation“ (bewusstes Verheimlichen von Krankheiten), wobei sie neuerdings zwei sehr unterschiedliche Arten dieses Phänomens unterscheiden. Die erste wird Impression-Management genannt; dabei geht es darum, sich selbst möglichst positiv darzustellen, unter Umständen gewisse Details unter den Tisch fallen zu lassen und kleine, harmlose „Schwindeleien“ über andere zu verbreiten.

Wenig Unterstützung, wenige Herausforderungen Manche Menschen in bürokratischen Organisationen führen ein ruhiges und stressfreies Leben, da sie weder gefordert noch unterstützt werden. Gewöhnlich heißt das, dass weder sie selbst noch die Organisation profitieren. Das Individuum Erstens gibt es die ruhelosen Menschen, die sich ständig Sorgen machen (und mitunter als Neurotiker bezeichnet werden). Menschen mit „negativer Affektivität“, einer Mischung aus Ängsten, Reizbarkeit, neurotischen Zuständen und Selbstzweifeln neigen dazu, beruflich weniger produktiv und zufrieden zu sein und häufig der Arbeit fernzubleiben.

Chromatopsie bedeutet, al- freilich ohne den normale Menschen und Dinge in derselben Farbe zu sehen. Von Mikropsie len physischen Auslöser (Lilliputian hallucinations) betroffene Personen sehen eingebildete für solche sensorische Liliputaner oder Zwergenmenschen, häufig in Begleitung angenehMobilität. mer Gefühle, während von Makropsie (Brobdingnagian hallucinatiArthur S. Reber, 1985 ons) betroffene alle Menschen als Riesen sehen. Darüber hinaus gibt es interessante und ungewöhnliche Fälle von Pseudo-Halluzinationen, die auftreten, wenn eine Person intensiv eine Halluzination erlebt, sich dessen jedoch bewusst ist – also erkennt, dass das Erlebte keine reale Grundlage hat.

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50 Schlüsselideen Psychologie by Adrian F. Furnham, Karsten Petersen

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